Game Cheats:

Activate the following cheats by pressing the corresponding keys:

Display framerate - Hold [F3] during game play.
Show current lag - Hold [F6] during game play.
Toggle view - Press [F5] during game play in Survival mode to switch to third person view.
Rain - Press [F5] during game play in Creative mode.

Free Coal hint:
Put white wood and normal wood in the furnace to get charcoal, which is identical to normal Coal.

Unlimited Water Supply:
Follow the instructions below to have a small, endlessly full pool of water wherever you want it. Note: You'll need an Iron Bucket and the ability to dig into the floor a little.
-1. Dig a 2 by Hole in the ground that is 1 square deep
-2. Fill your bucket/s with water from the ocean or a lake. You only need 2 deposits, so taking 2 buckets is recommended.
-3. Bring the water back to your base and pour 1 Bucket in each corner of the square in the ground.
If done correctly, you should have a still 2 by 2 pool of water that, every time you take a bucket and use it on any of the squares, the others refill it to fullness.

Keyboard Commands:
The following is a list of keyboard commands:

F1 - While third person moves the view to the front of your character / While first person makes the tool/hand/etc dissapear, but NOT the landscape.
F2 - Takes a screenshot.
F5 - Toggle view.
ascend - Moves you to the next platform above your position
atlantis - Toggles atlantis mode on/off
biome - Tells you what biome you are currently in
bind {COMMANDPARAMS} - Binds a command to a keyboard button.
bindid {ARGS} - Binds a command to a keyboard key using the key id
bring [ENTITY] - Brings the specified entity to you.
cannon [STRENGTH] - Shoots a primed TNT in the direction you are pointing.
chest - Allow access of chests
clear - Clears the console
clearwater - Toggles water clarity on/off
clone [QUANTITY] - Clones the NPC which you are looking at
config - Allows you to set the global configuration file as your current configuration
confuse [DISTANCE] - Confuses nearby mobs
confusesuicide - ?
cyclepainting - Cycles through the painting which you are pointing at
damage - Turns player damage on/off
defuse [all] - Defuses any TNT nearby which has been hit, drops 1 tnt in its place
descend - Moves you to the next platform below your position
destroy [all] - Destroys the current item
difficulty - Sets the difficulty to the specified level (0-3)
drops - Turns item drops on/off, having them turned off will make the game run a little bit faster, and also stop your inventory from filling.
dropstore - This command transfers everything in your inventory into a chest that it creates next to you.
duplicate [all] - Duplicates and drops the currently selected item stack
explode [SIZE] - Sets off an explosion in your current location.
exterminate [SIZE] - KillNPC with style, kills the NPC you are pointing at
extinguish|ext [all] - Puts out all nearby fire (or all fire)
falldamage - Turns fall damage on/off
firedamage - Turns fire damage on/off
flammable [CATCH] [SPREAD] - Sets the specified block at the flammability level
fly [SPEED] - Allows you to turn flying mode on/off, speed specified your flying speed
freeze - Freezes mobs so that they cannot move or attack you
goto - Goto a waypoint
grow [all] - Grows all saplings/wheat on the map.
heal - Heals a player the specified number of points
health - Sets the health of a player to pre-defined figures
help [COMMAND] - Gives general help when COMMAND isn't specified, gives specific help when COMMAND is specified. Same as /h
helmet [ITEM] [QTY] [DAMAGE] - Specifies the helmet the player wears
home - Teleport to spawn point
infiniteitems - Toggles infinite items on/off
instantkill - Instantly kills any NPC you hit
instantmine - Turns instant mining on/off
instantplant [grow] - Instantly plants saplings into the ground, if grow is specified the tree will when instantly grow
item [QUANTITY] [DAMAGE] - Gives player item, if quantity isn't specified maximum amount of that item. Same as /give and /i
itemdamage - Turn item damage on/off. This means you will never have to repair an item again
itemname - Use this command to discover the itemname and ID of your currently selected item.
itemstack [QUANTITY] - Gives the player the specified quantity of maximum item stacks of the item.
jump - Moves you from where you are to where your mouse is pointing. Note: This command is buggy and may put you in the block you move to.
keepitems - Turn this on and you will keep your items when you die.
kill - Kills the current player
killall - Kills all of the specified mob type
killnpc [all|monster|animal] - Kills all living creatures nearby.
light - Turns permanent lighting on and off
listwaypoints - Lists all waypoints. Same as /l
longerlegs - Makes your legs longer so you can walk up 1 block high
macro - Runs a macro
maxstack [ITEMID|ITEMNAME|all] [STACKSIZE] - Configures the maximum stack size of that item between 1 and 64.
mobdamage - Mobs cannot give you damage
msg - This commands adds a message to the console.
music [play|pause|skip|stop|VOLUME] - Requests a music track to be played, there is a limitation of at MAX 2 tracks per day. Set the volume by specifying VOLUME.
noclip - Turns no clip on/off.
output - This just toggles SPC messages on/off, useful for macros/scripts.
phelp [COMMAND] - Provides help for plugins
platform - Puts a glass square under your feet
plugin - Lists all loaded plugins and also allows you to enable/disable plugins
pos - Gives current player position. Same as /p
reach - Sets the player reach distance.
refill [all] - Re-stocks your items in your inventory to the maximum ammount
rem - Removes the specified waypoint
removedrops [all] - This command removes item drops from the world.
rename - Allows you rename a command to a new name
repair [all] - Repairs the currently selected item to full health
reset - Resets the player settings
reskin - Reskins the NPC which you are pointing at to the specified skin
return - Moves the player to the last position before teleport
ride - Allows you to ride any NPC which you point at
sc - Added scripting support (more information coming soon)
search - Allows you to search for items using a name
set - Mark a waypoint on the world
setjump [JUMP|reset] - Sets the height that you jump. Note: Turns fall damage off if the jump is configured to move than 1.
setspawn [ ] - Set the current position as the spawn point, if X Y Z are specified sets that position as spawn point
setspeed [SPEED|reset] - Sets the speed that the player moves
skin - Change your players skin to ANY minecraft player
slippery [SLIPPERYNESS] - Makes the specified block slippery
spawn [QTY] - Allows you to spawn an individual creature.
spawnportal - Spawns a portal nearby the player
spawnstack - Spawns the specified creature a few blocks away from your current position (use "/spawn list" to get a list of creature names and codes).
superheat [all] - Turns items which are furnace-able into their furnaced form
superpunch [DISTANCE|reset] - Hit that NPC with a punch like no other
tele - Teleport to X Y Z coordinates. Same as /t
time [set|get|day|night [minute|hour|day [TIME]]] - Set and get the time within minecraft.
timeschedule > - Sets a period of time (HH:MM format), this will make minecraft always within this time.
unbind - Unbinds the specified key from a command.
unbindid - Unbinds a command from a keyboard key using the key id
useportal - Instantly transfers you to the nether, use it again to go back.
waterdamage - Turns water damage on/off
weather - Toggles weather on/off
world - Allows you to explicitly, have control over your world.
world load - Loads the specified FILE, this allows you to play ANY save on your computer, not just World1-5, and can have any name
world save - Explicitly saves your game then returns to it
world seed [SEED] - Allows you to see and change the seed of the map, so it will generate custom terrain
world new [FILENAME] [SEED] - Creates a new map at the specified location
world exit - Lets you exit a game without saving (perfect from when a creeper blows something up)
world list - Lists all the saves which you can load from ".minecraft/saves"
world backup - Allows you to backup your current world into .minecraft/backup

Backing up your Minecraft world:
The directory on your computer for Minecraft saved worlds and settings depends on what OS you're running:

The AppData directory is hidden, so be sure to show hidden files from within Folder Options.

Mac OS
/Users/username/Library/Application Support/minecraft

The "Saves" folder is what you want to back up.

Samus HUD from Metroid:
Put a pumpkin in the helmet section of your armor to make your HUD become the HUD of the galactic bounty hunter Samus Aran from Metroid.

Finding dungeons hints:
-To locate dungeons easily, have plenty of torches and some weapons, just in case you encounter a monster. Go to an area that you think may have dungeons. Make sure that area is well-lit with torches, just in case night falls (if it has not already.) Press [Esc] to open up the menu. Enter the "Options" menu and change the difficulty from "Peaceful" (or whatever difficulty you are on) to "Hard". Close the menu and press [F3]. ID numbers will appear on top of each animal or monster in range. Look towards the ground and search for an unusually large concentration of ID numbers underground; this is more than likely a group of monsters. It will either lead you to a cave or, more fortunately, a dungeon.
-This trick works best on slow computers, but it is also not fully reliable. If you are in an area where you think a dungeon may be near, press F (you may need to press it repeatedly). Look around while pressing it. If you see flames showing up while the screen is blue (the sky), it indicates there is a dungeon within sixteen blocks of you. Note: This method only works when a dungeon is sixteen blocks near.

Never get lost and know when near the ground:
-New players love exploring, but when it comes to calling an end to exploration, especially in an abandoned mine, they get lost and end up somewhere completey different, away from home. Besides remembering where you last slept and copying the X, Y and Z values for future editing back to spawn/preferred place, use the following tricks to never get lost:
-Explore systematically. If you find a fork in the road, or several forks, take them one at a time. When you reach an end, and mining near it yields nothing, then either mark it or use a common block (like gravel) to seal a path off.
-Set breadcrumbs. While mining and exploring, be sure to mine up bits of the floor, using cobblestone or a block unlike the floor as a pointer to the way out; or an ore block to note an intersection, so you have something to identify where you began later. While this will damage your pick more, knowing the way back is more valuable than some tool, especially since the wooden planks in abandoned mines are abundant.
-Keep natural landmarks. Scoop up the first source of water that leads to nowhere useful, but leave everything else. Some of the water flowing from walls may prove useful for exploration. Also, if there is lava out of your way, do not go out of your way to put it out -- it emits light, which may be encased in a structure with glass (panes) as natural lighting.
-Know the way outside, and know when there is lava. Since beta version 1.8 and the revamped lighting engine, knowing when you are close to ground is easy. Torches emit a bright light that fades into warmer tones. Lava has a brighter radius of light, meaning its brightest point is bigger. If you see light that you did not create, then it is obviously a lava pool. Outside light on the other hand uses cooler tones. When you are close to ground, it does not have the warmth of torch light, taking on a more fluorescent white color near the rock, or at night time, a light shade of blue.

Making obsidian:
Obsidian is a block that takes fifteen to fifty seconds to gather. It requires fifteen seconds with a diamond pickaxe, and fifty seconds with everything else. If you are aiming to make a near-indestructible building or structure, obsidian is the best choice. Sometimes it is naturally occurring, but often times it must be manually made. First, you will need to find flat lava that is not flowing. Then, collect water with a bucket and put the water onto the lava. Alternately, find flat water and collect lava. A blackish-purplish block should appear. This is obsidian, and requires a long time to collect. It is much easier to just spawn obsidian, but you will need a mod to be able to spawn it in single player mode.

Dripping liquids hint:
Version 1.9 added a dripping effect when the block is one layer below a liquid. This can be either water or, more importantly, lava. When digging, never again do players have to worry about burning their face off -- as long as they mine with caution.

Animal breeding hint:
In version 1.9pre2, animal spawns are mostly a once-only thing. Meaning, once a player kills a passive animal mob, they are usually dead for good, or difficult to get back. This can be counteracted by breeding, which starts when two same animals fed with wheat are near each other. Future versions, based on screenshots, will have baby animals, and might reduce the speed of animal breeding, just so people cannot get a sheep farm going in seconds feeding fully-grown animals spawned from breeding.

Huge mushrooms hint:
Note: This was done in Beta v1.8. A player can grow mushrooms with bone meal (crushed bones from skeletons), with the brown mushrooms producing raised platforms, and the red mushrooms producing small shelter-like structures. Provided the room is available, and you have killed some skeletons, the brown mushrooms can be used as a flat area for an even base, while the red mushrooms provide shelter from mobs. As the red mushrooms leave some area open, it is vital that the player cover this with another material. Once set up, glass panes or blocks of glass for windows can be added as viewports, and a bed can be placed to sleep in. As a home-building material, it is semi-reliable, but requires some skill and luck to make a home out of mushrooms, as the use of bone meal grows huge mushrooms unevenly, with the mushroom stem growing one or two blocks higher than the lowest possible growth. Huge mushrooms of either type yield more mushrooms of their respective color, with broken blocks yielding up to two mushrooms, and with a possible fifty one blocks for red mushrooms, chances are very high a player will yield more mushrooms than they had grown, making one huge mushroom good starter for more small homes and rooms made with them.

Making potions:
Note: This was done in Minecraft 1.9 Prerelease 3. The added, useless ingredients that have been in version 1.9pre1 and version 1.9pre2 can now be crafted into various kinds of potions for version 1.9pre3, which indicates that this system may remain mostly the same on release. However, all information is subject to change. In order to even make potions, a visit to The Nether is necessary. Certain required ingredients can only be obtained there:
Potion prerequisites

Crafting table
Bottles: Made from glass the same way buckets can be made with Iron Ingots: Three pieces of glass, in a "v" shape.
Brewing Stand: Made with a solid row of cobblestone, with a Blaze Rod (obtained from defeated Blaze mobs in the nether) in the middle, one row up.
Nether Wart: Only obtainable in the Nether, and mainly in Nether Strongholds

Potions are multi-step items, requiring various ingredients to produce different effects. While there are three different type of bases, the one that matters at this time is the Awkward Potion, which is made by using a Brewing Stand to brew bottle(s) of water with a Nether Wart. Up to three can be made, so you may as well not waste Nether Wart and make three potion bases, every time. To start making useful potions, you need non-base potion ingredients. Some require even more steps. Below are details of the non-base ingredients, including what they yield when brewed with an Awkward Potion. Also, the Fermented Spider Eye can be combined with other potions to produce negative effect potions.

Made from refined sugar cane.
Yields: Potion of Swiftness
With Fermented Spider Eye: Potion of Slowness

Spider Eye
Must be obtained from a killed (Cave) Spider.
Yields: Potion of Poison
With Fermented Spider Eye: Potion of Harming

Fermented Spider Eye
Spider Eye, plus sugar and a brown mushroom
Yields: Potion of Weakness

Ghast Tear
Must be obtained in The Nether, from a killed Ghast.
Yields: Potion of Healing
With Fermented Spider Eye: Potion of Harming

Blaze Powder
Must be crafted from a Blaze Rod, obtained from a killed Blaze in The Nether
Yields: Potion of Strength
With Fermented Spider Eye: Potion of Weakness

Magma Cream
Kill a slime to get a slime ball, then kill a Blaze in The Nether to get a Blaze Rod. Craft the Blaze Rod into Blaze Rod Dust, then craft the Slimeball with the Blaze Rod Dust.
Yields: Potion of Fire Resistance
With Fermented Spider Eye: Potion of Slowness (possible placeholder for another potion)

Note: These potions can also be enhanced into Tier II potions by brewing them with Glowstone Dust (obtained from The Nether), and their length of effect can also be enhanced with Redstone Dust (obtained from main world). Also, without making the Awkward Potion, the (currently useless) Thick Potion can be made from Glowstone Dust, and the (currently useless) Mundane Potion from Redstone

Instant village seed:
Seed /gimmeabreak / will place you facing the sun, with a village right behind you.

Spawn items:
In multiplayer mode, press T to open the talk/chat function, then type /give <1-64>. To find out the ID number of an object, find the object on the Minecraft Wiki. Certain objects cannot be spawned, such as specific dyes and colored wool. To spawn stone (not cobblestone), use ID number 1. Torches are 50 and white wool is 35.

Spleef multiplayer game:
Many Minecraft players like to play a free-for-all game called "Spleef." In this game, two or more players create a square stadium (maybe about fifteen to twenty blocks long or wide) that is floating or above lava or water. The object of the game is to destroy the blocks (stone and dirt are best) around your opponents either with or without tools. Players can selectwhatever tools to use, however you can set rules (for example, no diamond pickaxes). The players are supposed to try and make their opponents fall through the stadium, and therefore be eliminated. The final player standing is the winner.

Colosseum battles hint:
You can have sword/bow and arrow/egg duels in a stadium. The two players should empty out their inventories and only keep their single weapon of choice (infinite arrows for the bow is allowed, as long as there is one empty slot), then put in the reward for the winner/killer. An example would be for someone to have a diamond sword out, but in their inventory could be five stacked lapis lazuli or a single block of diamond. You can also have bigger quantities of items; it does not really matter, as long as both players are fair and have the agreed-upon reward in their inventories. Then have the two players just fight (no health hacks and no death chest mod). Armor is allowed, but it is recommended that rules be set regarding it. Whoever dies first loses, and everything in their inventory will be dropped. The winner can pick it up.

Item duplication glitch:
Note: This was done in beta version 1.5_01. The easiest way to perform this glitch is to dig a five-block deep 2x2 grave for yourself. Set up the death trap by laying down a dirt block over your head and two pieces of sand or gravel to fall on top of you. Before proceeding, make sure you have everything you want duplicated in your inventory and/or item boxes. Pause game play and wait for the level to save completely, then navigate over to your ".minecraft" folder and locate "saves". Copy the world where you set up your death trap. After copying to a location easily memorable, return to game and walk under the dirt block. Dig it out and let the sand fall on top of you and intentionally die. Do not exit the game. Exit to title screen, then copy the save prior to death back to the "saves" folder. Overwrite everything. Load the game, and you will spawn where you saved before, and have everything from your inventory plus the items you lost via death. This essentially doubles the items you already had. This trick is best used for stackable rare items (Diamond, Gold, Obsidian) and tools made from rare items. Also, death from drowning and death from mobs all work. The main objective is to die after copying your saved game, so that you can spawn at or near where you died to get more of the same items. It may also be useful to fill in your 2x2 space with a large chest (two chests next to each other), so when you duplicate, you can deposit items, repeat the steps, and be able to have plenty of items without the need to hack your saved game file with tools like InvGrid or MCEdit.

Enchantment table and experience points hint:
To build it, you need four obsidian, two diamonds, and a book. To assemble it, the book must be in the top row, the diamonds must be on both sides of the center row, with obsidian in the center, and on the bottom row. To use it, you need experience points, which are now numerically-tracked in version 1.9pre4 and above. For every full experience bar, you will receive one point. To use it, set any tool, armor or weapon in the enchantment table slot and randomly pick an upgrade from the list of those available. Every time an item is placed, the available upgrades change. To further confuse players, the upgrade selection is presented in a cryptic, foreign language. Even if translated, the translation would not correlate with the upgrade. Thus, all enchantments are still fairly blind even if the words for them were translated. An enchanted item will have an indigo glow around it, and usually has some special property, for example: fall protection for boots, fire from sword strikes, and respiration with the helmet when underwater. An enchantment table is capable of more powerful (and expensive) enchantments when surrounded by bookshelves, which must be in the adjacent area. Ideally, bookshelves outside a 3x3 square, with the table in the center, is more capable of enchantment than a table in the middle of an empty field.

The following is a list of enchantments followed by their max level and description. Note: The more experience points needed for an enchantment, the better the enchantment usually is. Any enchantable item is eligible to have up to two enchantments:


Protection - 4 - Converts all fall damage into armor damage. May expend armor faster from fall damage.
Fire Protection - 4 - Protects against fire and lava damage.
Blast Protection - 4 - Protects against all types of explosions (TNT/Creepers).
Projectile Protection - 4 - Protects against projectile strikes (Arrows and Ghast fireballs).
Helmet only - -
Respiration - 3 - Increase time spent underwater.
Aqua Affinity - 1 - Remove underwater mining limitation.
Feather Falling - 1 - Less fall damage (boots only).
Sharpness - 5 - Extra damage to all mobs.
Smite - 5 - Extra damage to all but Spiders and Endermen
Bane of Arthropods - 5 - Extra damage to Spiders and Silverfish.
Knockback - 2 - Knockback without the need to sprint.
Fire Aspect - 2 - Set things on fire on strike.
Looting - 3 - Increase the odds of gaining more drops from mobs.
Efficiency - 5 - Gather resources faster.
Silk Touch - 1 - Collect normally-unobtainable blocks (Stone, Glass, Spawners, etc.)
Unbreaking - 3 - Extends the life of a tool.
Fortune - 3 - Possibility of increased drops from resources (i.e. Pickaxe yielding more diamond than possible).

Note: Every tool has its share of exceptions. For example, some blocks are not eligible for Silk Touch, or some things cannot be multiplied via Fortune. Looting does not increase passive mob drops. Keep these limitations in mind when using enchantments. Enchantments administered from v1.9pre3 will give Feather Falling I to all enchanted items. Breaking a chest with enchanted items will disenchant them.